Addis Ababa, June 09/2017 – Human Rights Council (HRCO) Ethiopia, a non-profit, non-governmental organisation, has released 49 pages of report detailing widespread human right abuses committed by the security under the current State of Emergency, first declared on Oct. 08, 2016, and extended by four more months in March 2017.
In the report, which was originally published on May 29th, but was largely unseen due to the week-long nationwide internet blackout, HRCO documented details of abuses, including extrajudicial killings, torture, and imprisonment committed in 18 Zones and 42 Woredas of three regional states: Oromia, Amhara and Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region (SNNPR) states as well as abuses committed in ten different Kifle Ketemas (administrative unites) in the capital Addis Abeba.
The detailed accounts of the report covered the months between October 2016 and May 2017 – of which HRCO said it held field assessments between October 2016 and February 2017. Accordingly, HRCO published names, background information as well the circumstances of extrajudicial killings of 19 people in various places. Fifteen of those were from the Oromia regional state, the epicenter of the year-long antigovernment protests, while three were from SNNPR and one was from the Amhara regional state. The account of the 19 killed included the Oct. 10, 2016 gruesome killing by security officials of Abdisa Jemal and two of his brothers, Merhabu Jemal and Tolla Jemal, in east Arsi Zone, Shirka Woreda, Gobesa 01 Kebele, some 270km south east of the capital Addis Abeba.
HRCO also documented the detention of 8,778 individuals from Oromia regional state followed by 5, 769 people from SNNPR, 640 from Amhara, 411 from the capital Addis Abeba and one from the Afar regional state. A total of 6, 926 individuals were also detained from unspecified locations, bringing the total number of people detained in the wake of the state of emergency to 22, 525. It also criticized the inhuman conditions faced by detainees in many of the detention camps.
Out of the 22, 525 people, 13, 260 were detained in several facilities including military camps, colleges and city administration halls located in Oromia regional state, while 5, 764 of them were detained in Amhara regional state; 2, 355 were detained in Afar and 430 were detained in the capital Addis Abeba. This list includes list of names such as journalist Elias Gebru and opposition politician Daniel Shibeshi, who have recently been charged after months of detention. HRCO also said 110 people were held at unknown locations.
HRCO’s report came a little over one month after the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission, (EHRC), a government body tasked to investigate recent anti-government protests that rocked Ethiopia, admitted in April that a total of 669 Ethiopians were killed during the 2016 widespread anti-government protests. EHRC’s report, however, has not been released to the wider public, yet.
According to the government’s own account more than 26 thousand Ethiopians were detained in various places including military camps. This number is including those who were detained prior to the state of emergency. More than 20 thousand have since been released but about 5,000 are currently facing trials in various places.
Owing to Ethiopia’s outright refusal to accept outside independent investigation, including from the UN Human Rights Commission, ERCO’s report stands as the only independent investigation into widespread state violence in Ethiopia.
(አዲስ ሚዲያ) የነገረ ኢትዮጵያ ጋዜጣ ዋና አዘጋጅ ጋዜጠኛ ጌታቸው ሽፈራው በፌደራል አቃብ ህግ በተመሰረተበት ክስ ከአንድ ዓመት ከ አምስት ወር እስር በኋላ የፌደራሉ ከፍተኛው ፍርድ ቤት አዲስ አበባ ልደታ ምድብ ችሎት ግንቦት 18 ቀን 2009 ዓ. ም. የ 1 ዓምት ከ 6 ወር የቅጣት እስር ፈርዶበታል።
ጋዜጠኛ ጌታቸው ሽፈራው
ጋዜጠኛው ከህዳር 2008 ዓ. ም. ጅምሮ የነበረውን ህዝባዊ ተቃውሞ ተከትሎ ሲታሰር፥ ቀደም ሲል የሽብርተኝነት ክስ ተመስርቶበት የነበረ ቢሆንም፤ በመጨረሻም ፍርድ ቤቱ ክሱን ወደ መደበኛ ወንጀል ክስ ዝቅ በማድረግ አመፅ ማነሳሳት በሚል ክስ የቅጣት ውሳኔውን ማሳለፉን አሳውቋል። ይሁን እንጂ ጋዜጠኛው ለተላለፈበት የቅጣት ውሳን ብይን የቅጣት ማቅለያ እንዲያቀርብ ፍርድ ቤቱ ቢጠይቀውም ጋዜጠናው ባልሰራሁት ወንጀል የምጠይቀው የቅጣት ማቅለያ የለም በማለት የፍርድ ቤቱን ጥያቄ ውድቅ ማድረጉ ታውቋል።
ጋዜጠኛው ክስ የተመሰረተበትና የ1 ዓመት ከ6 ወር እስር ቅጣት የተጣለበት፤ በፌስ ቡክ ማኅበራው ሚዲያ በውጭ ከሚገኝ ጋዜጠኛ በተለይም መቀመጫውን ዋሸንግተን ዲሲ ካደረገው ጋዜጠኛ አበበ ገላው ጋር መልዕክት ተለዋውጠሃል፥ አመፅ ቀስቅሰሃል የሚል እንደነበር የቀረበበት ክስ አመልክቷል።
ጋዜጠኛው ህትመቱና ስርጭቱ በመንግሥት እንዲቋረጥ ከተደረገው የነገረ ኢትዮጵያ ጋዜጣ ዋና አዘጋጅ ሆኖ ከማገልገሉ በተጨማሪ በተለያዩ መፅሔቶች፥ ጋዜጦችና ድረ-ገፆች ላይም የተለያዩ ፖለቲካዊ፥ ሰብዓዊ መብትና ማኅበራዊ ጉዳዮች ላይ ትኩረት ያደረጉ በርካታ ፅሑፎችንም ያበረክት እንደነበር ይታወቃል። ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ ሰኔ 2006 ዓ ም በመንግሥት እውቅና ተነፍጎት አባላቱና አመራሩ ምንም ዓይነት የስራ እንቅስቃሴ እንዳያደርጉ እግድ የተጣለብት የኢትዮጵያ ጋዜጠኞች መድረክ (ኢጋመ) መስራችና አስተባባሪ እንደነበር ይታወቃል።
ጋዜጠኛ ጌታቸው ከታህሳሥ 15 ቀን 2008 ዓ ም ጀምሮ በእስር ላይ ይገኛል።
በተለይ መንግሥት ህዝባዊ አመፁን ተከትሎ በወሰደው ርምጃ ጋዜጠኛ ጌታቸው ሽፈራውን ጨምሮ፥ ሌሎች ጋዜጠኞችና 60 ሺህ ያህል ሰላማዊ ዜጎች መታሰራቸውን የሀገርው ውስጥ የሰብዓዊ መብት አራማጆችና ተሟጋቾች መረጃ አመልክቷል።